Dr. Tal Pavel researches Internet and cyber issues in the Middle East, is head of the Cyber Studies program at Tel Aviv-Jaffa Academic College and is the editor and owner of MiddleEasternet.com.
 Bill Marczak, Jakub Dalek, Sarah McKune, Adam Senft, John Scott-Railton, and Ron Deibert, “BAD TRAFFIC Sandvine’s PacketLogic Devices Used to Deploy Government Spyware in Turkey and Redirect Egyptian Users to Affiliate Ads?”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 9 March 2018.
 Thomas Fox-Brewster, “Is An American Company's Technology Helping Turkey Spy On Its Citizens?”, Forbes, 25 October 2016.
 Bill Marczak and John Scott-Railton, “THE MILLION DOLLAR DISSIDENT; NSO Group’s iPhone Zero-Days used against a UAE Human Rights Defender”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 24 August 2016.
 Symantec, “Symantec to Acquire Blue Coat and Define the Future of Cybersecurity”, 12 June 2016.
 Morgan Marquis-Boire, Jakub Dalek, Sarah McKune, Matthew Carrieri, Masashi Crete-Nishihata, Ron Deibert, Saad Omar Khan, Helmi Noman, John Scott-Railton, and Greg Wiseman, “PLANET BLUE COAT; Mapping Global Censorship and Surveillance Tools,”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 15 January 2013.; u/Kinost, “BlueCoat, a company that specializes in censorship, surveillance and internet infrastructure such as public/corporate wifi, has become a certificate authority, allowing it to initiate man-in-the-middle attacks without warning”, reddit.com, 27 May 2016.
 Tal Pavel, “Hackers set their sights on Syrian monitoring system,” Ha’aretz, October 7, 2011.
John Leyden, “Websense yanks censorware from Yemen”, The Register, 11 August 2009.
 Nicki Thomas and Amy Dempsey, “Guelph-based software censors the Internet in the Middle East”, The Star, 13 June 2011; UAE: “Websites blocked in UAE with Netsweeper”, stanford.edu, 2 July 2012. ; Bahrain: “Canadian company’s software may be used to stifle freedom of expression in Bahrain”, Bahrain Watch ; Yemen: Jakub Dalek, Ron Deibert, Sarah McKune, Phillipa Gill, Adam Senft, and Naser Noor, “Information Controls during Military Operations; The case of Yemen during the 2015 political and armed conflict”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 21 October 2015 ; Somalia: Masashi Crete-Nishihata, Jakub Dalek, Adam Senft, Saad Omar Khan, Matthew Carrieri, Ron Deibert, and Helmi Noman, “INTERNET FILTERING IN A FAILED STATE; The Case of Netsweeper in Somalia”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 20 February 2014. ; Pakistan: Jakub Dalek, Adam Senft, Masashi Crete-Nishihata, Ron Deibert, “O PAKISTAN, WE STAND ON GUARD FOR THEE; An Analysis of Canada-based Netsweeper’s Role in Pakistan’s Censorship Regime”, The Citizen Lab, The Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, 20 June 2013.